Sunday, December 27, 2009

Sri Vyaasraja Tirtha

Jai Bedi Anjaneya !!!

Hare Srinivasa !!!

Jai Vijayaraya !!!

Jai VyasaRaja !!!

The Glory of Sri Vyasa Raja


SRI VYASARAJA THIRTHA

Arthikalpita kalpoyam prathyarthi gajakesari/

Vyasathirtha Gurubhoryarth asmad Ishtartha siddhaye//


This is an attempt to transcript the greatness and awesomeness and history of the sterling history of the great Madhva muni , Sri Sri Sri Vyasaraja !

Sri Vyasaraja has a very high position in the Madhva lineage. He is considered among the Muni trayaru. Sri Madhvacharya, Sri Jayatirtharu and Sri Vyasaraja . Sri Madhvacharya gaves us the Sarva Mula, Sri Jayatirtharu gave us the teeka for the Sarv Mula, Sri Vyasarajaru gaves us tippani for Sri Jayatirtha's teeka's.

Sri Jayatirtharu himself blessed Sri Vyasarja on two seperate occasions as we shall see ahead.

Documentation

Of all the documents available, the one chosen for this transcription is "Vyasa Yogi Charitre" by Somanatha Kavi. It's style is called "champu kavya" viz a mixture of gadya ( prose ) and pada ( poetry ). More about the author and the composition later on.

Birth

Sri Vyasaraja's parents were a little old and were on their way to a Badri piligramage. One the way the husband suffered an incurable disease and was lying on his death bed. The wife sought out the blessings of Sri Sri Sri Brahmanya Tirtharu who was on his way back south from Badari to end her life. When she prostrated before Sri Brahmanya Tirthu he blessed her "Sumangali bhava" without even looking up and then blessed her "Putravati bhava", thus the couples life was saved and they also begot a son. Such was the siddhi of Shri Brahmaya Tirthu ! Just before the birth of the boy, Sri Brahmanaya Tirtharu sent a chinnada harvana ( golden plate) and had the baby delivered directly onto the golden plate. After being born without bhoo sparsha ( touching the ground ), Sri Brahmanya Tirtharu himself bathed the newborn. As per Srimadacharya's Tantra Sara, when a Swamy bathes the child, the sannidhi of Sri Hari increases in the child.

Childhood

When the child was just five years old, Sri Brahmanya Tirtharu had the thread ceremony done for the child. At the age of eight, Sri Brahmanya Tirtha placed the proposal of Sanyasa, Sri Vyasaraju declined and went away from the mutta. This is parallel to Sri Raghavendra Swamy refusing Sanyasa at first. The reason is that being a Sanyasi/ Peetadapati is a very responsible job, it is the head of the society. The boy was resting under a tree. A huge snake wrapped itself around the boy and spoke to him face to face. It was Sri Jayatitharu in snake form, he advised him to take Sanyasa and infused him with confidence. The boy returned to Sri Bhramanya Tirtha's mutta and accepted sanyasa. Thus, Sri Vyasaraja came into being.

Sanyasa

Sri Vyasatirtha studied under Sri Brahmanya Tirtha for twelve years. Before presenting the peethadapati to Sri Vyasaraju, he undertook a digvijaya yatra. Sri Vyasaraja reached, Kanchi a renowned learning centre at that time. Sri Vyasaraja defeated all the scholars there at that time. The opponents decided to take revenge and poisoned Sri Vyasaraja's food. Sri Vyasarajaru invoked Sri Dhanvantri namaka Sri Hari. Sri Danvantri provided Sri Vyasaraju with some herbs to nullify the effect of poison. Thus Sri Vyasaraju came out victorous every way. Sri Vyasaraju then returned to Sri Brahmanya Tirtharu. Sri Brahmanya Tirtha had entered Brindavana by that time, Sri Vyasaraja ascended the peethadapati. Sri Vyasaraja went to Sri Padraja in mulbagalu for higher studies. It is important to note two points
a) Mulbaglu was the most renowned learning centre in Karnataka until the turn of the ninteenth century.
b) Sri Vyasaraju was already a great scholar, defeated many scholars in Kanchi, but still he spent twelve years studying under Sri Padarajaru. This shows the depth of knowledge of Sri Padrajau and the passion for knowledge of Sri Vysarajaru.



There is a special cave in mulbagalu even today called Vyasa guhe(cave), where Sri Vyasarajaru used to sit and meditate. Once there was a serpent coiled around Sri Vyasarajaru in the guhe, Sri Padaraju entered the cave and talked to the Serpent in it's own language.It was Sri Jayatirtharu again in serpent form to provide his blessings to Sri Vyasarajaru.

Stay at Tirupati

"Venkatadri samam stanam brahmanda nasti kincahana, Venkatesha samo devo na bhuto na bhavishyati."

At this time, the administratation is Tirumala was corrupt. It was so corrupt that the preists used to place their own kids on the vahanas during brahmotsava. The local kin got wind of this and executed all the preists. The king approached Sri Padajararu to clear him of Brahma hatya and to make arrangements for the nitya puja at Tirumala.
* Purification of Raja - Sri Padarajaru sprinkled some shankodaka ( water from conch ) and declared that the king was absolved of brahmahatya. This incident became a joke among the students. To prove his point Sri Padarajaru sprinkled some shankodaka on a cloth blackened by oil. The portion of the cloth that was sprinklled upon became clear and clean. The disciples had no choice but to accept Sri Padarajaru's words.

Sri Padarajau send Sri Vyasarajaru as the chief preist for Tirumala. This shows greatness of both Sri Padarajaru, for not taking the oppurtunity himself and Sri Vyasarajaru for accepting the position of a priest. It also shows that the position of a priest was/is a very honoured one.

Once Sri Vyasarajaru arrived in Tirumala, he started taking care of nitya pooja and also administration of the temple activities. Sri Vyasarajaru made a lot of improvements in the processes there. Sri Vyasarajaru worshipped Sri Venkatesha as per the TantraSaraSangraha paddati of SriMadAcharya. Sri Vyasarayaru installed the Ugra Srinivasa utsava moorthy (a very special utsav moorthy that is brought out only once a year before sunrise and taken back into the temple before the sun rises) and the "Vimana Venkatesha"(For people in KaliYuga, when there is not enough time for darshana, the silver frame accentuated Venkatesha on the golden dome, assures that if you see that, it is equivalent to having darshana of Sri Venkatesha). There is a special spot where in the garbha guddi where Sri Vyasarajaru used to sit and meditate. There used to be a board indicating the spot until a few years ago. There is also a Vyasa mantapa on the Swamy Pushkarni near the Varaha Swamy temple which can be seen even today.

Sri Vyasaraja, wrote Nyayaamruta and various other works during his stay here. After twelve years of dedicated service, Sri Vyasarajaru re-instated the preists in the temple. The sons of the priests were too young to worship earlier, were now ready to take charge. Once Sri Vyasarajaru, finished the dwadashi puja and prostrated before Venkatesha, Sri Venkatesa threw his upper cloth and covered Sri Vyasarajaru with his own cloth. Thus Sri Vyasarajaru got approval from Sarvothamma for his service for twelve years at Tirumala. This is similar to the alingana of Sri Rama and Sri Hanuman at the end of Sundar Kanda in Ramayana.

Hampi

At this time, Krishnadevaraya invited Sri Vyasarajaru to be his raja guru. Sri Vyasarajaru accepted his invitation and arrived there. There was a great procession and ceremony. When Krishnadevaraya lifted the cloth of the palanquin carrying Sri Vyasarajaru, he found Sri Vyasarajaru reading the scriptures in the dim light. Krishanadevaraya was shocked and pleasantly surprised, he was so impressed with this that he declared Sri Vyasarajaru as his household guru as well.
* This incident shows the passion of knowledge for Sri Vyasarajaru. It also shows that there is no end to learning for knowledge. Finally it shows that we should not stop learning for authoity , inspite of being a chakravarthi Krishnadevaraya was gratified by this incident.
There was a lot of opposition for this in the court of Krishnadevaraya, Basavabhatta was the leader for the opposition. Basavabhatta was defeated in the ensuing debate and he had to hand over his emerald shivalinga to Sri Vyasaraja,
* This shivlainga is till present in the Sri Vyasaraja mutta and is displayed during Shivratri.
During the stay of Sri Vyasarajaru, Vijayanagara kingdom prospered tremendously. It never faced defeat during war and jewels and precious stones were sold on the streets. Sri Vyasaraja headed an educational institute of ten thousand students during this time. Once Sri Vyasarajaru composed a work extempore in response to the Kalinga king's challenge. This challenge was prepared a committee of pandits in Kalinga, Sri Vyasaraju composed this response as an extempore and sent the response immideately. To express his gratitude Krishnadevaraya offered everything he had at the lotus feet of Sri Vyasarajaru. He arranged for a ratna abhisheka for Sri Vyasaraja. It seemed like Varuna devata himself was pouring jewels on Sri Vyasaraja . On another occassion there was a kuhu yoga for the throne, whoever ascended the throne for that amount of time would be attacked by the kuhu yoga. Sri Vyasaraja himself sat on the throne and swatted away the kuku yoga with his upper garment. Sri Vyasarajaru gifted everything he had received from Krinshandevaraya back to him and to the people.

Scholarly Status

Sri Vyasarajaru was exteremly respected far and wide for his knowledge. It was so wide spread that people would come from far and wide to present their works in front of him. If they received a nod or a simple yes from Sri Vyasarajaru, then that means he had arrived. All the scholars irrespective of tradition were always vying for Sri Vyasarajaru's approval. Such was the scholarly status that scholars would shy away and try influence to get an audience with Sri Vyasarajaru. Basava bhatta was also one such scholar, he got audience through another Madhva muni.

Miracles

While returning from north India tour, there was a dispute about land division between Vaishnavites and Shaivaites.Sri Vyasarajaru presented the solution and himself ran seven kilometers holding his breath.

On another occasion, he revives a dead boy by sprinkling teertha during his tour.

Music

It was under the blessings of Sri Vyasarajaru that Pitamaha of Carnatic Sangeet Sri Purundara Dasaru started his journey. He also had Kanaka dasaru as his disciple. Sri Vyasarajaru himself is a brilliant composer with many compositions to his credit. His song "Krishna Nee Begane Baro" is an evergreen carnatic song and is sung in a lot of Carntic concerts.
* This is the original, of the remixed version from the Colonial Cousins

Installations Of Hanman

In his previous birth, he was King Bahlika and fought on behalf of the Kaurava's. He was killed by Bheemasenadevaru during the war. During that time,he struck 732 times with his club. To make amends for that, Sri Vyasarajaru installed 732 Hanuman vigrahas all around south.

Conclusion

A person will be treated great even he does just one of the deeds of Sri Vyasarajaru, the fact that Sri Vyasarajaru accomplished all these deeds simultaneously just goes to show that he worked tirelessly, effortlessly and with utmost dedication and bhakti. Among his works Tarka Tandava deserves a special mention. It is a compact work that destorys all the citadels of Advaita word by word. Each and every aspect of it is challenged and torn to bits; hence the suffix "Tandava"

Any mistakes are solely mine.

BharatiRamanaMukyaPranantargata Shri Krisharpanamastu,
Hrishikesh.S.S.

1 comment:

  1. Hari sarvothama ! Vayu jeevothama ! Hare srinivasa ! Dear sir, you have done a vry precious work.this blog is really useful to spread Madhva siddhanta and hari sarvothamatva.

    ReplyDelete